Who is the world’s earliest talking baby, and in how many days did they start talking?

Answer by Gayle Laakmann McDowell:

I don't know if this is the earliest (probably not). However, Michael Kearney, who I interned with at Microsoft, spoke his first words at four months. At the age of six months, he told his pediatrician, "I have a left ear infection." He finished high school at age 6.


Who is the world's earliest talking baby, and in how many days did they start talking?


Are there any grammatically sound sentences in English, where every word starts with the same letter?

Answer by David Greenspan:

Absolutely.  Assembling an appropriate answer appears achievable, assuming an articulate author appropriately adept at alliteration.

Behold, by being brave, but besides boldness by brainstorming before beginning, broadcasting brief blurbs becomes bizarre but basic babbling.

Continuing, casual crowd commenters can concur, collectively checking current compositional constraints controlling character choice, concerning certain crackpot creative chores, chiefly claiming common cunning's compelled conclusion, comprising conjectured chore conquerability (circumstantially) carrying clear caveats cautioning care, considering calling colossal commitments complete cinches could convey controversial cool confidence.

Don't dare doubt David's diligence doing deeds demanding deft, devious design, dear discussion denizen, deeming dogged determination doesn't darken David's door; during diction's driest drudgery, despite delightful daydreams delaying development, destiny's death-defying daredevil detail deviser dodges despair, denying defeat, displaying devotion demonstrating dreary deliberation doubles daft drama's devastating dynamic disposition, dovetailing directly.

Edit: People have asked for more, so here is another.

English enthusiasts eagerly envision enhanced emotional elevation, exceeding even existing examples' elicited elation, encountering each ensuing eccentric exercise, ergo everyone's esteemed enlisted essayist (enchanted!) ensures each exquisite excerpt exhibits explosive expressive efficacy evincing either excruciating editing effort, extreme endurance, engineering excellence, etc., else elemental extemporaneous effervescence, entertaining enough except — explaining earnestly — entailing eventual emergency; essentially, endorsing ever-escalating elaborate experimentation encourages extravagant excesses, especially emphasizing expectations encompassing elusive execution extending established events — exclusively employing equal everyday emblems (E's, e.g.) embodying each emblem ensemble's earlier end (elsewhere enunciated easily) — evaluating endowing entirely equivalent eloquence eternally, envisaging electronic education's emerging endeavor enjoying eight, eleven, even eighteen entries, exploits experts empirically estimate expending extra-Einstein egghead energy engendering environmentally evil, Earth-exposing exhaled exhaust emissions.

Five funny features feel fairly finished for forum fodder, foolish followers falsely fancy, for failing further focus fueling full foresight, fellow fiction fanciers frankly forget fundamental facts framing fruits from frenzied freelancing, for first fragments flowing from frantic freshman fingers frequently fall flat, forming forced, flawed fakeries feigning fluency, faded facsimiles fractionally fitting for fatuous Facebook flapdoodle, familiar formulaic fragments famously fouling friends' feeds; fine, for furthermore, fascinatingly, first forays facing far-flung fringe frontiers, finding faith's fortitude ferociously fighting formidable foes — fear, frustration, flaky functioning, foot fungus — forge foundations for future feats, figurative furniture for fortune's foyer, faintly favoring fantastic fairytale fates, fervently foremost finally finishing forever.

Good grief, getting gobsmacked glimpsing great glory gushing goofy gibberish generates growing gaiety, gladdening geekery's gracious groupie (greetings), generally greasing God's genetically ghostwritten gearbox governing giddiness gainsaying glumness: graphically, guts, glands — generously, gantries guiding glowing glee grains granting genuine giggles, graceful gadgets guarding geniality's green garden gate; gobbledygook, gentle guy/girl gathering: grin given glimmering gold; gasp gratuitously guzzling glittery glamor (greedily, gilded gramophones gurgling garbled Gangnam getting groovy gyrating go-go gals gamely gesturing galloping); groan giant, gutteral groans given glaringly glib games, gross grammatical goulash, gloppy gumbo grouping gimmicks galore: gawkish gymnasts gliding gallantly, gingerly grasping gigantic grotesque gorillas; guileless genius guaranteeing gullible gala-goers grimy garbage garnering ghastly grapevine gossip (galling grieving geriatrics gripping geraniums gentrifying grandpa's grave); ghoulish gory galleries giving grimacing guests grisly gas, grunting gruffly: go gag gobbling grass, goddamn gibbon, get gone guilty gent, git!

Huge hits have historically harbored hidden hazards, hysterical hordes hardly heeding how habitually heaping honors hyping his Holiness, Harry Harangue-Hatcher, hollering, "Hip hip, hooray!  Hail Hypertext Highway's happening hack!" heavily heightens his hedonism, hubris, head hugeness — harsh harbingers hurling humanity's hardiest hero hellward, hereafter helming his hapless human husk haunting Hades's hallmark hot haze, heckling Halloween's hideous headless horseman (hefting his hollow head), harassing Hitler's hired Holocaust henchmen, hassling ham-handed helicopter handlers — hopefully, hypothetically, having hardcore horizontal hugs holding his horny, high-heeled hourglass honey (he handily helped hang her hemp Hawaiian hammock), heartland's "happy" housewife humbling hotel heiress Hilton, heinously having hated her husband's horsey hee-haw "hello," his hundred horrible hay howls hammering her homicidal; however, have heart, huddled hint hobbyists, hearkening how hallowed hieroglyphs hurtling hence harmonize hypnotically, heaven's harps highlighting how hyperactive hippocampus hockey heaves hilarious harvested hash — healthy herbs healing hungry humor hankerings.

Edit:  Thanks for the kind words, everyone!  Here is letter I.

It is intriguing, if I innocently introspect, inquiring into industriousness, imagining isolating its ingredients, i.e. internal impetuses instrumental in inspiring indefinite intransigence in inking inane, ignoble illustrations (illuminating immoderate idiom's indomitable impetuosity, its irrepressible impishness, in infinite iterations), intently ignoring indolent inclinations inducing interest in idly inspecting Internet idiocy instead — insouciantly ingesting incessant immature innuendos insulting impromptu interactive images, inevitably imbibing insipid informational items interpreting important issues incorrectly; if indeed impressive inner influences inhere in intrepidly indulging improbable initiatives, I informally identify: idiosyncratic innate impulses involving inflexible ideals; incurable insomnia; iron intestinal integrity; insufficiently inebriated introversion; indubitably, intellectual imperative imitating insecure icicles in impaling indifferent inactivity.

Jumping Jehoshaphat, J's jaunty jangle jovially jolts jaded jargon junkies, justifying judicious juggling joining jocose journal jottings; judging Job's Judaic journey jejune, jamming jousts (jointly, jabs) jeopardizing joyful June/July junctures — just jubilate, juvenilely jacking jumbo Jamba Juice jugs joking jumbled jingles jollify jail's jeering junior janitors.

Knucklehead knaves karate-kicking King Kong's kidneys kneel, kindred kibitzers, keenly knowing kempt knights knead keyboards, knitting kooky keynotes — kerosene kinetically kindling kinky kittens' kisses, kiddingly kidnapping Kim Kardashian's kingdom keys, knotting klutzy Kanye's knickers; knappish killjoys, kowtow: kryptonite k-key knacks keep knowledge-knockers knackered.

Look lively, listless language lovers, learning lame lulls lack lasting legitimacy lessening lofty literature's lumbering, lurching locomotion; leaving Local Lunatic Linguist listing letters, let's lazily luxuriate, losing life's latest little lingering laments like landlords limit lawless louts' leases, least-leniently letting long-lost loathesome lecturers lambaste liberated leaders, lucidly laughing:  Listen — lending lighthearted levity lubricates lavish labor, launching latent legato lyrics like larynx-lodged lasagna; likewise, licking lollipops; looping leashes loosely; lustily locking lips; lemon-lime lozenges; large-lidded lunch liquids; lastly, low light levels limning luscious landscapes.

Are there any grammatically sound sentences in English, where every word starts with the same letter?

What is the general consensus “most romantic thing ever” that a guy can do for a girl?

Sad and Awesome in equal parts…

Answer by Nick Michaels:

I'm a guy so I'll tell you the "most romantic thing ever" I think I've ever done for a girl.

There was this girl. Amber was her name. I was 17 then (I am 20 now) and I might've been too young to say this, but I love her and still do. Blonde, beautiful, smart, funny as hell, talented, everything a guy could ever want in a girl, and she chose me.

I found out that her favorite song was 'You and Me' by Lifehouse. Very few people knew this. Very few. I learned and sang that song, recorded a video of me playing and singing it (she was on a vacation, so I couldn't do it in person). I never looked into the camera, except when I sang the line, "I don't know why I can't keep my eyes off of you."

I gave that to her after she came home from vacation. I said, "Amber, I'd like to give this to you. To show how much I love you. Just pop it into your computer, watch, and listen." So she did. I waited on her couch to see her response. She came outside of her bedroom, eyes full of tears and bawling: "Nick, how did you know?" I said, "Your father told me that it was your favorite song. He told me that you'd always listen to it before you went to sleep because you'd be singing it out loud." (Her father had passed away from lung cancer exactly one year before I recorded it). She looked at me and said, "This is the sweetest thing any guy has ever done for me. Thank you so much." I said, "Ah, I try." She couldn't stop hugging me. I think we hugged for a solid 10 minutes before I had to leave. She called me after I got home. She said, "Nick, how can I ever repay you for this?" I said, "You already have. You are in my life. You are the most wonderful girl I've ever met. You make me laugh uncontrollably and you always find a way to put a smile on my face, Amber. I am proud to have you in my life."

She told me everyday since then that she listened to my version of the song before she fell asleep to it. We were madly in love with each other. I felt the world turn more slowly when I was with her. It was meant to be. I had found my soul mate. And Amber was her name.

About a month after I did that for her, she was involved in a horrific hit-and-run accident. Some piece of $hit decided to go out of his GD way to hit my Amber. My beautiful, innocent, Amber. My only thoughts were: why her, of all people. Why? She doesn't deserve this.

I arrived at the scene and saw her. She was motionless, nothing. Not a single movement. I fell to my knees and cried and cried and cried. I rode with her in the ambulance. I held her hand the entire trip to the hospital, hoping and praying that she would be all right.

She was in a coma for three months. Then she woke up. The doctors told me she had lost all memory, that she'd never recognize me ever in her life.

While in her coma, and after her waking up from it, I'd go and see her every day in the hospital. I'd play and sing her favorite song: 'You and Me' by Lifehouse. She somehow recollected that that was her favorite song, but she had no idea who I was. That tore me apart, knowing that she'd never remember me. Playing and singing for her was enough, though.

A couple of days before she died, I was playing and singing the line, "I don't know why I can't keep my eyes off of you." She said, "Nick, how did you know?" I cried and cried forever. She defied the odds. She knew who I was, even after the severe brain trauma and the doctors saying she'll never recognize me.

I played and sang her favorite song 'You and Me' by Lifehouse at her funeral. I had to stop seven times because I couldn't stop crying. But I did it. Everyday after I get home from work, I take care of my dog, and then grab my Taylor. I drive the 13.4 miles to her grave, sit down in the grass, and start playing and singing her favorite song, 'You and Me' by Lifehouse. It brings me to tears every time. Every time. Knowing that she's in a better place and free of pain is comforting. But knowing I'll never get to see the love of my life is the hardest thing for me.

– Nick, the guitar guy

What is the general consensus "most romantic thing ever" that a guy can do for a girl?

Why is graphic design work so simple?

Answer by Andrew Williams:

Because you don’t understand what design work is.

The field of graphic design includes slightly more than placement of text and images. The following is a list of topics dealing just with the technical concerns of graphic design:

Operating systems and applications

Mac vs. PC
Digital displays
Bitmaps vs. vectors
Adobe Creative Suite
Other applications


Anatomy of type
Typeface selection
Font formats
Manipulating type
Creating body text
Type and color
Custom typefaces
Using fonts for print vs. web


Achieving accurate color
Screen angle, dot shape, and dot gain
Trapping and choking
Manipulating color
Creating a smooth gradient
Color-matching systems
Spot colors and special finishes
Color proofing on-screen
Inkjet color proofs
Professional color proofing
Choosing color for screen use


Sourcing images
Commissioning an illustrator
Working with photographers
Scaling images
Brightness, contrast, hue, and saturation
Image retouching
Layers, paths, and channels
Blending modes
Creating cutouts
Pixels to vectors
Vectors to pixels
Black-and-white conversion
Preparing an image for print
Setting up a CMYK profile
Understanding color profiles
Converting an RGB image to CMYK
Image-proofing marks
Image file formats for print
Preparing images for the web
Image file formats for the web


Working with page objects
Placing images
Placing text
Setting up a grid
Setting up master pages
Proportion and consistency
Designing tables
Web layouts
Developing a website
Publishing a website


Setting up a studio printer
Preflight procedures
Exporting PDFs
Preparing for output
File transfer
Choosing paper
Paper sizes
Folds and bindings
Print finishing
Solving print problems
Dealing with printers

There are also philosophical, aesthetic, and political questions about design. These are subjects that don't simply have a tutorial or instruction manual. To be a good designer, you have to understand not only how techniques in design work, but also why. Here are some seminal writings in design theory:

Who We Are: Manifesto of the Constructivist Group. Aleksandr Rodchenko, Varvara Stepanova, Aleksei Gan c. 1922

Our Book. El Lissitzky 1926

Typophoto. László Maholy-Nagy 1925

The New Typography. Jan Tschichold 1928

The Crystal Goblet or Why Printing Should Be Invisible. Beatrice Warde 1930

On Typography. Herbert Bayer 1967

Designing Programmes. Karl Gerstner 1964

Grid and Design Philosophy. Josef Müller-Brockmann 1981

Good Design Is Goodwill. Paul Rand 1987

Learning from Las Vegas: The Forgotten Symbolism of Architectural Form. Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour 1972

My Way to Typography. Wolfgang Weingart 2000

Typography as Discourse. Katherine McCoy with David Frej 1988

The Macramé of Resistance. Lorraine Wild 1998

The Dark in the Middle of the Stairs. Paula Scher 1989

The Underground Mainstream. Steven Heller 2008

Design and Reflexivity. Jan van Toorn 1994

Design Anarchy. Kalle Lasn 2006

The Designer as Author. Michael Rock 1996

Designing Our Own Graves. Dmitri Siegel 2006

Dematerialization of Screen Space. Jessica Helfand 2001

Designing Design. Kenya Hara 2007

Import/Export, or Design Workflow and Contemporary Aesthetics. Lev Manovich 2008

Univers Strikes Back. Ellen and Julia Lupton 2007

…If you've mastered the basic techniques of graphic design, read the history, and understand the philosophy, aesthetics, and politics, and you still think that design is just about placing text and images, then perhaps we just need to talk semantics. Maybe 'simple' just doesn't mean to you what it means to everyone else. 😉

Why is graphic design work so simple?

What are the best study methods?

Answer by Ahmad Ali:

This is my research on how to study over two years. I succeeded to get a distinction in 8000 students from many colleges. I did not spend more than two months in my college.

There are two important studies worth sharing before I describe my study method. The first study is about memory graph and the second one is about concentration span.

The Human Memory Graph
This study reveals to us that when you read something, your memory of what you read or heard is almost alive.  If we represent this with graph it is horizontally at 100%, and it slowly declines over time. When you review it after one day, memory connections are strengthened. Now its declination is very slow as compared to without review.  This speed decreases with every review of the thing you want to remember. It is explained in the graph below.

Instead of memorizing, try setting a review plan without any tension and be relaxed. Read with concentration, and then leave it. Read again in the evening, then again the next day, and then again the next week. Test yourself on the 15th day, and then review after one month. You'll notice that your memory, of what you heard, read, or listened, will not decline so easy now plus you remember most of it including subtle things related or within the material.

Human Attention Span

As it's clear from this graph, the human attention span is at 30% after 45 minutes. Mostly, that is the length of one class for schools below university level.  In universities it is increased to one hour or more.  You can improve your attention span by increasing the time slowly, but it is better to take a short break (~5 minutes) after about an hour of focused study.  The short break will allow you to regain about 90% of your attention span.

Another important thing regarding memory is reading a topic from many sources. It has two benefits, less boredom and many different aspects of the same scenario. Later one increases latency of information from different areas of mind when required. The more connections your brain makes with the information, the more likely it will stick in your mind.

  • Another important consideration is the productive hours. It may be different for few people but mostly early morning is the most productive time.
  • Remember to keep the room temperature a little warm. It will help in focusing.

After a lot of study about how to study I devised a plan, which was refined over time and according to the results. Now here is a refined plan, in which are inherent many researches and experiences I have come across.

Planning and managing your study

  1. Make a timetable; mine was 11 hours for study. It is first step to success. (I was studying, and interested in it, so I was giving most of my time to studying; you may have less than 11 hours of course. It just shows my dedication towards academics and the dreams I had after graduation. I was in a poor family; I knew that without hard-work, I won’t be able to get along. After getting a position, I was able to continue my study for free. I also received prize money from the government and a special training for more motivation and visits. Yes, I got a Talent Award too.
  2. Humans can concentrate for 40 minutes on a subject, or maximum 1 hour. Do change your study material/subject after every 40 minutes or 1 hour. But later on you can increase this time slowly to 2 hours. I did this.
  3. Start time table by learning new things, after looking at the last day topics. Later chapters in books mostly have references from former ones. Learning new things at start gives you hope and makes you motivated.
  4. Don’t start one subject or module after the other; take a break of 5 to ten minutes. In this time eat some chocolate, fruits and vitamins. Do some sit stands and go out to look in nature and have an analog (natural phenomena) thinking to refresh. This is a right click and refresh for you on your desktop to start another application.
  5. Study each subject three times a day, design time table such that every subject has 3 shifts per day.
  6. Take notes in the first shift, and rehearse them in second shift and so on. Notes should not be exact copy of the book text.
  7. Re-allocate time for your modules in timetable after every, maximum two weeks. Or take your exams after one week and re-allocate based on the exam results.
  8. Exam yourself sometime in the middle of the time table.
  9. Have some extra time to look topics of this day you have studied, at the end of study time table.
  10. Second day, start with looking at the topics of the last day. But never do an exam at the start of study time. Increase difficulty slowly from start to end.
  11. Do some statistics on important and less important subjects or difficult and easy subjects and divide time with statistics methods. For example by first assigning the difficulty level to each subject like 40% and 60% etc.
  12. If studying something which could be easily implemented in home or lab, don’t miss it. I, when studying biology, had tried to produce a new family of a tree though it was just a try and nothing resulted. I have been programming to simulate the physics concepts which helped a lot.

Subject specific study techniques

  1. For math subjects, try to solve a question, if you fail, just do it with your hands by looking at some help book. After you finish copying by hands, you will infer what was missing. This is called learning with hands not mind. This is because some time an answer tells you about the solution in math.
  2. For physics subjects, start with writing the topics equation, prove it on paper same as stated above in (math method), then start with the theory. Attach equation with the topic.
  3. For English, write difficult words on the note book. Learn them first.
  4. For theory subjects, read a lot on the same topic from different sources, read the topic on book, leave it. Now read it on Wikipedia and leave it. Learn it on some other book. This is easy and very useful method. Don't try to learn from your book only this will bore you and you won’t remember well.

Exam Tips

  1. End preparing for exams about one week before. Design your exams timetable so that your intense preparation ends about one week before the first day of paper. This will help in
  2. Tension free preparation. Inside your heart you know I have one week, as a backup.
  3. One week extra preparation. The last EXTRA week is now more valuable than one month. Everything you will do in this week will be extra and very motivational for you.
  4. If there is 2, 3 days break between papers, don't stick with one subject. As mentioned above it kills productive study and focus. Change study module for the sake of attaining mind focus and refreshment, at least.
  5. Review your notes the day before paper. This will give you an overview of all topics plus strengthening the memory connections for those topics.
  6. After paper is over, don’t throw the question paper into dust bin, thinking that it’s gone now. It can help your mind settle down. Read and examine how much you did correctly.
  7. Keep calculating marks you obtained in each paper and adding to total. It will motivate you, like we do in scoring games.
  8. Don’t forget the one and only solution for refreshment and energy of mind, the exercise and healthy foods in exams.

Miscellaneous facts

  1. Don't listen to love music or such type of songs. Listen to some good motivational music like "K'NAAN – WAVIN' FLAG".
  2. Do take some time for spirituality or loneliness, for many reasons it’s important.
  3. Play some sports or exercise, not too much.
  4. Eat different things in daily life and especially in break times.
  5. Listen to news for some time. If learning English, listen to BBC.
  6. Play with children, they are also learning, observe them and their interest.
  7. Do spend some time with family and share your status.
  8. If possible, do have some time to teach someone. It will be best, if you can teach what you are learning yourself.
  9. For your tasks apart from study, make a to-do list. It’s very important to lessen the distraction and burden from your mind.
  10. Understanding the problem, half solves it.
  11. Imagine your success every day, imagine the future. You are investing on your future.
  12. Spread knowledge.

* If you note I have written number 1 for no love music, in the details, I mean we should have zero distraction outside and inside of ourselves to create a creative state of mind, give all your attention to study when you study!
Do one thing at a time. Don’t have another part of your mind allocated for the mobile phone beside, or an open Facebook tab.

Good luck.

What are the best study methods?

How can I learn to design more visually appealing apps?

Answer by Tomiwa Ogunmodede:

I usually say design can't be learnt, but you sound like you already know that. However, quoting the great Pablo Picasso, who said "Good artists copy, great artists steal"; you can 'steal' your way to expert design prowess.

Now, that doesn't mean you should outright go and steal other peoples work, what you need to do is to find designs that appeal to your sense of aesthetic and COPY them.

And by copy, I mean, try to redesign them yourself.
I've learnt from experience that here are actually no exact copies in design. Every one adds their own unique signature to whatever it is they do, inadvertently or otherwise.

Very importantly, you need to understand that great design is really not about fonts, layouts or colours. Great design is about inspiration.
If you fully understand what you're designing, who you're designing for and the effect you hope that your design can impress on the viewer/user, the outcome tends to flow naturally.

Eventually, if you keep at it you'll notice that your need to 'steal' from other design sources will diminish and your expertise in design will uber-increase.
You'll also begin to be confident in your abilities enough to conceptualize new designs all by yourself.

In no time, you'll be churning out Picasso-level designs (I kid).

Sign up to Behance, Photoshop tutorials and resources and Abduzeedo Design Inspiration. 'Steal' your heart out!

Whenever you feel like it, don't thank me. Thank the miracle called The Internet.

How can I learn to design more visually appealing apps?

How can I be as great as Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Elon Musk, Richard Branson?

Answer by James Altucher:

The other day I went out at night and fell asleep on a park bench near the beach in Miami.

When I opened my eyes I pretended I had just landed on the world. I knew nothing. Now I had to learn everything.

That's the way I should've been when I was younger. Maybe I would've avoided many problems if I just realized I knew nothing.

ALL SUCCESSFUL PEOPLE started off knowing nothing.

They studied the people who came before them. Who studied the people who came before them. And so on.

I really admire Richard Branson. He's one to study.

Richard Branson is the perfect example of "Ready. Fire. Aim." He starts something. He does it. Then he looks to see if he hit the target. If not, he starts something new.

I love the story of how he started Virgin Airlines. He was already successful from Virgin Music. Note that now he has nothing to do with Virgin Music.
I don't even know if Virgin Music still exists. All that is left is Virgin Air.

A plane had gotten cancelled. Everyone was upset.

But Branson wasn't upset. He found a plane that would take him. But he didn't have the money.

One good thing to start with always is to imagine the obstacles gone. Imagine, "if I wasn't worried about money, would I still make this trip."

I call this IDEA SUBTRACTION. Subtract the perceived obstacles to an idea and (BAM!) you find that many more ideas are born from that.

First, he arranged to rent the private plane, even though he still had the obstacle ("no money").

Then he put up a sign: "$29 for a plane to Puerto Rico." And everyone signed up. Suddenly he had the money for the plane.

That was his proof-of-concept for an airline. Now that is his main business and it's worth billions.

Here's ten quotes from him that I think are valuable.

A) Richard Branson: "Listen more than you talk. Nobody learned anything by hearing themselves speak."

B) Richard Branson: "Start making suggestions for how to improve your workplace. Don’t be a shrinking violet, quietly getting your job done adequately. Be bold, and the sky is the limit."

Note he's not suggesting start a company. You can always create inside ANY surrounding and you will be infinitely rewarded for that.

The first employee at Google is now a multi-billionaire even though nobody knows his name (Craig Silverstein). He was an employee and he created and blossomed.

C) Richard Branson: "Age isn't as important so long as you are surrounded by people you love, doing things you passionately believe in."

I truly believe this. We all have things we love to do. And it's the people around us who love us that help us unlock these dreams.

It's ONLY when you find the people you love, you can create and flourish. Henry Ford was 45 when he started his third car company and created the assembly line. He did this once he eliminated all the people who tried to control him at prior companies.

Colonel Sanders was 65 when he started "Kentucky Fried Chicken".

Laura Ingalls Wilder was 65 when she wrote her first book. The book that would turn into the series, "Little House on the Prairie".

This was after she had been totally wiped out in the Great Depression and left with nothing but she started to surround herself with people who encouraged her and pushed her to pursue writing to make ends meet.

D) Richard Branson: "What I personally know would make up a dot so minuscule it couldn’t be seen. What humanity has collectively learned so far would make up a tiny mark within the circle. Everything we all have to learn in the future would take up the rest of the space. It is a big universe, and we are all learning more about it every day. If you aren’t listening, you are missing out."

The other day someone asked me if I believed in "God". There's no answer. Always have reverence for the infinite things we will never know. Our brains are too small.

This next quote I slightly want to change:

E) Richard Branson: "To be a real entrepreneur you always have to be looking forward. The moment you rest on your laurels is the moment your competition overtakes you."

I think 'entrepreneur' can be changed to 'human'. We all have to survive and succeed first as humans. And the job description changes every day.

Every day there is room to finish this sculpture that began the moment our mothers released us into the world.

F) Richard Branson: "There is no such thing as a boring person: everyone has stories and insights worth sharing. While on the road, we let our phones or laptops take up our attention. By doing that, we might miss out on the chance to learn and absorb ideas and inspiration from an unexpected source: our fellow travelers."

Every day has stories hidden inside of them, like a treasure hunt. When you find those stories, you get rewarded. Not by money, but by…I don't know. Something. You feel it when it happens.

G) Richard Branson: "It can be easy to find reasons not to do something. However you might be surprised by how much help is at hand if you put yourself out there and commit to a project. It doesn’t have to be a case of struggling along by yourself."

We live in a world of connection. The barriers we've erected by storytelling (religion, nationalism, corporatism) are breaking down.

You can crowdsource a revolution with a single tweet now. There are a million ways to ask for help and a million people who want to help you.
But it's hard to ask. There's the old fears of rejection. Fears of people viewing asking as weakness. Fears of infringing on someone by asking.

Offer value in your ask and then the reasons to not do something start to go away until there are none left.

And again, Branson is referring to "idea subtraction" which has constantly propelled him from success to success.

H) Richard Branson: "When most people think about taking a risk they associate it with negative connotations, when really they should view it as a positive opportunity. Believe in yourself and back yourself to come out on top. Whether that means studying a course to enable a change of direction, taking up an entry level position on a career ladder you want to be a part of, or starting your own business – you’ll never know if you don’t give it a try."

Another example of how Branson would use "idea subtraction" to come up with tons of ideas.

For instance, sometimes people say, "If only I knew how to program I could do X". Well, imagine you could program. Subtract that worry. Now what ideas would you implement?

You can always subtract a worry. Whether it's putting up a sign ("$29 to get to Puerto Rico") or, as Branson suggests above, taking an entry level position.

When I started my first successful company my job title was, "Jr. Programmer Analyst" at HBO and I had $0 in the bank.

I took an entry level job so I could move to NYC and start making connections. I stayed at that job for three years while building my network.

For more than half of those three years I had my first company on the side, building up.

I was afraid all the time I would get caught doing two jobs at the same time.
But I did learn that these almost insurmountable obstacles were the EXACT reason I had huge opportunities.

When people think a problem is impossible they value it at zero. Successful people buy ideas low (zero) and sell them high.

You ask "why can't I?" as in the following quote from Branson:

I) Richard Branson: "I’ve always had a soft spot for dreamers – not those who waste their time thinking ‘what if’ but the ones who look to the sky and say ‘why can’t I shoot for the moon?’"

Does he really mean the moon here? Or does that sound cliche? Let's look.

When Branson was a teenager and started his first magazine devoted to music, I doubt he was thinking about shooting for the moon.

But who knows? Now his biggest investment is Virgin Galactic. That magazine (which he started despite severe dyslexia) literally turned into a company that is now shooting to land a ship on the moon.

Why not? Why not?

J) Richard Branson: "Together we can make the products, services, businesses, ideas, and politics for a better future. In this ‘new power’ world, we are all makers. Let’s get making."

Sometimes people write me and say, "not everyone is cut out to be an entrepreneur. Some people like being employees."

I agree with this. There is nothing wrong with being an employee. It's what you make of it.

I've been an employee many times. The key is to realize that an "employee" doesn't mean you give up on creating, on making, on coming up with ideas.
In fact, an employee often has more opportunity for abundance than an entrepreneur. The playing field is much larger in a big corporation where everything is possible.

I went to graduate school with Astro Teller, who was recently on my podcast. He runs the special projects division at Google called GoogleX. He's an employee at Google.

He was asked to "dream" at Google and now Google, a software company, is making driverless cars. It seems insurmountable: "What if we can make a car without a driver?" But that's where the opportunity is.

Every day I wake up and it's a constant battle in my brain against obstacles. Usually not business obstacles but emotional ones. Fears. People. Ideas. Hopes. This is life. A stream of obstacles and fears in a tough world.

I wish I had paid attention to the many wonderful virtual mentors, the Richard Bransons of the world, when I was younger.

To simply admit, "I don't know" and reap the benefits of curiosity.

I hope I learn something today. If not I'll go back and reread these quotes and maybe sleep on a park bench.

How can I be as great as Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Elon Musk, Richard Branson?